Eating disorders can plague both males and females, and they generally have different unattainable physical appearance-related goals. Males may feel the need to develop large muscles and are more vulnerable to taking drugs or embarking on exercise regimens that move them in that direction. For males who are obese or disinterested in athletics, there may be considerable social pressure and harassment to increase their muscle mass or overall strength. Females tend to gain weight and body fat during puberty. This tendency is in direct opposition to the “skinny” images they are exposed to through the media. As a consequence, girls are more likely to diet and exercise in ways that emphasize thinness and weight loss instead of fitness. These actions can result in eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa, the act of starving oneself, and bulimia nervosa, the act of binging and purging, are chronic conditions among many children and adolescents.
For this Assignment, consider the differences between normal variations in body image and what constitutes an eating disorder. In addition, consider what types of interventions are most effective with children and adolescents with eating disorders.
The Assignment (2–3 pages):
- Explain two differences between normal variations of body image and a diagnosable eating disorder.
- Explain three key elements that you would include in an intervention for the prevention of eating disorders.
- Explain which of the three key elements would be developmentally appropriate for children and developmentally appropriate for adolescents, and explain why.
- Explain which of the three key elements might apply best to males and which of the three key elements might apply best to females, and explain why. Be specific.
- Justify your response using the week’s resources and the current literature.
Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the week’s resources for this course.
Francisco, R., Narciso, I., & Alarcoa, M. (2013). Parental influences on elite aesthetic athletes’ body image dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 22(8), 1082–1091.
As you review this article, focus on parental influence and its effects on children and adolescent body image.
Hargreaves, D. A., & Tiggemann, M. (2004). Idealized media images and adolescent body image: “Comparing” boys and girls. Body Image, 1(4), 351–361.
As you review this article, focus on the differences between boys’ and girls’ ideas of body image.
Lacoste, S. M. (2017). Looking for the origins of anorexia nervosa in adolescence-a new treatment approach. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 36, 76-80.
Scarborough, J. (2018). Family-Based Therapy for Pediatric Anorexia Nervosa: Highlighting the Implementation Challenges. The Family Journal, 26(1), 90- 98.
Smolak, L. (2004). Body image in children and adolescents: Where do we go from here? Body Image, 1(1), 15–28.
As you review this article, focus on how poor body image might have serious impacts on children and adolescents.
Document: DSM-5 Bridge Document: Eating Disorders and Body Image (PDF)
Use this document to guide your understanding of eating disorders and body image for this week’s Discussion and Assignment.
Geller, J., & Dunn, E. C. (2011). Integrating motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of eating disorders: Tailoring interventions to patient readiness to change. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 18(1), 5–15.
As you review this article, consider how CBT might support eating disorders in youth. Focus on how you might use these interventions in your professional practice.
Khan, F., & Chowdhury, U. (2011). Eating disorders in children and adolescents. British Journal of Medical Practitioners, 4(1), 10–15.
As you review this article, focus on the eating disorders of children and adolescents and how this information might inform your practice.
Lock, J., & Fitzpatrick, K. K. (2009). Advances in psychotherapy for children and adolescents with eating disorders. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 63(4), 287–303.
As you review this article, focus on the therapeutic approaches used to treat children and adolescents with eating disorders.
Raich, R. M., Portell, M., & Pelaez-Fernandez, M. A. (2010). Evaluation of a school-based programme of universal eating disorders prevention: Is it more effective in girls at risk? European Eating Disorders Review, 18(1), 49–57.
As you review this article, focus on the preventive approach to eating disorders.
Talleyrand, R. M. (2010). Eating disorders in African American girls: Implications for counselors. Journal of Counseling & Development, 88(3), 319–